For adolescent girls who are pregnant under 15 years, this risk increases very significantly.
Delaying the first pregnancy until the mother is at least 18 years of age helps ensure a safer pregnancy and delivery. This prevents the risk of babies born prematurely or babies born with low weight (LBW). As for mothers, the process of pregnancy and childbirth is also more smooth both in terms of physical and mental. This is especially important in areas where early marriage is customary and adolescents face pressure to get pregnant immediately.
Giving birth to a teenage girl is more dangerous and more difficult than an adult woman. Babies born to a very young mother tend to die in the first year of a baby’s life. Teenage girls generally don’t have fully developed hips. Thus pregnancy for this group will have serious consequences, such as pregnancy poisoning, premature birth, birth over time, birth with complications, anemia (lack of blood) and even death of the mother and or baby.
The younger a mother is, the greater the risk for the mother and baby. For adolescent girls under the age of 15, the risk of death increases sharply. Teenage girls who give birth before age 15 have a five-fold risk of death compared to mothers in their 20s.
Every woman of childbearing age, married or unmarried, needs help to postpone pregnancy. All parties involved in the problem of early pregnancy, both young women and young mothers, young men and men and their families, must be aware of the risks that may occur and how to avoid them. This information should also cover how to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.
After age 35, the risks associated with pregnancy and childbirth for women increase again. These risks include high blood pressure, bleeding, miscarriage and diabetes during pregnancy and birth defects in infants.