When the lives of young mothers begin to be active, they need information about pregnancy and the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV. They should be able to recognize the early symptoms of pregnancy. If it turns out to be pregnant, they should be helped to get prenatal care from the beginning of the pregnancy from a trained health worker.
How many pregnancy examination to do?
Pregnant women make at least four pregnancy examination to trained health workers. The first pregnancy check-up should be done as soon as possible. Should be done in the first trimester of pregnancy. Second examination in the second trimester and two examinations in the third trimester.
Any examination that should be obtained?
To guarantee a safe and healthy pregnancy, a trained health worker must:
- Provide information about various changes that occur in the body of a pregnant woman.
- Check blood pressure that can harm the mother and child.
- Weighing weight.
- Check for anemia and supplement the tablet with blood and ensure that the mother understands the importance of taking the supplement, and explains the side effects that usually occur including bowel movements and nausea.
- Check the possibility of night blindness to determine whether the mother requires vitamin A treatment and if necessary provide vitamin A to protect the mother and improve the development of fetal health.
- Assess the status of maternal tetanus immunization and provide the number of doses needed to protect the mother and her newborn baby.
- Encourage all pregnant women to only use iodized salt in preparing food to protect their children from physical, mental disability and not getting mumps.
- Encourage all pregnant women to consume more nutritious food, and more rest than usual.
- In malaria endemic areas, give antimalarial tablets and encourage use of insecticide-treated bed nets.
- Provide worming if needed since the second trimester to reduce cases of low baby weight.
- Prepare both parents for the experience of giving birth and caring for newborns. Give advice to her mother to breastfeed and care for themselves, and also give instructions to the father about how he can help.
- Give advice to pregnant women and their families about where to give birth and how to get help if complications occur before, during or after childbirth.
- Prepare references if needed for various community groups who want to provide assistance and protect pregnant women who experience violence.
- Provide advice to avoid infection from sexually transmitted diseases including HIV.
- Check for infections during pregnancy, especially urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV and treat them with appropriate treatment.
- Conduct laboratory tests (hemoglobin and urine).
- Prepare voluntary and confidential HIV testing and counseling services.