Nasal Polyps, Definition, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Nasal polyps are tissue that grows on the inside of the nasal passages. The shape of nasal polyps resembles grapes with a position hanging on the inside of the nose.

nasal polyps

This disease can affect anyone, but are more common in adults over the age of 40 and rarely occur in children. In addition, nasal polyps are two times more common in men than women.

Causes of Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are soft, painless, and non-malignant. Nasal polyps can form when the mucous membranes (mucous membranes) of the respiratory tract and sinuses become inflamed. Until now, the exact cause of the growth of polyps is unknown, but is thought to be triggered by an allergic reaction.

The sign and Symptoms

Nasal polyps vary in size. Small nasal polyps generally do not cause symptoms, but large nasal polyps can interfere with the respiratory tract. Symptoms are felt the same as when a person has a cold, but does not go away.

The Factors that can trigger an increased risk are:

  • Intolerance to aspirin.
  • Churg-Strauss syndrome which is characterized by inflammation of blood vessels.
  • Allergic rhinitis when there is inflammation of the nasal cavity due to allergies.
  • Sinusitis due to infection and swelling of the sinuses due to a blockage in it.
  • Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes mucus in the body to become thicker and can block various digestive and respiratory tracts.

Various factors that have the potential to trigger the risk of nasal polyps, it is better to be prevented as early as possible through several ways starting from:

  • Trying to keep the air in the house clean.
  • Avoid the habit of putting dirty fingers into your nose.
  • Routinely cleanse the nose using salt water in the form of spray.
  • Continue to consult with a doctor to maintain health, especially the respiratory tract.
  • Hand hygiene needs to be maintained by frequent hand washing. This is useful to be a bridge so that no bacteria enter the nose.

Prevention like this should be applied to prevent from getting nasal polyps

Prevention of nose polyps

Here is a way to prevent this disease, that is:

Keep the room humid

It is better to keep the room moist. Use a tool to keep the humidity or humidifier in the house or room to prevent the appearance of polyps on the nose.

Eat healthy food

Nose polyps easily attack people with low immunity. Take care and increase your endurance by consuming foods such as mushrooms, watermelons, almonds, and spinach.

Maintain Hand Hygiene

Do not be lazy to maintain hand hygiene by washing hands. You can avoid nasal polyps by keeping your hands clean. It is best to keep your hands clean by washing your hands in running water and using antiseptic soap. We recommend that when your hands are dirty, do not make it a habit to hold the face or nose.

Avoid the cause of nasal allergies

You can do to prevent nasal allergies to prevent nasal polyps. Avoid causes of nasal allergies such as dust, cigarette smoke, animal dander or motor vehicle fumes.

Diagnosis of Nose Polyps

To make a diagnosis, the doctor will ask about the symptoms and illnesses that the patient has suffered. Then the doctor will do a physical examination and additional examinations, such as allergy testing, nasal endoscopy, or imaging.

Nose Polyps Treatment

This disease can be cured with drugs that contain corticosteroids. Many treatment processes that can be done with this type of drug. It’s can be eliminated or reduced by the process of spray drugs, drops, drug tablets or even injections that contain corticosteroids. Corticosteroid content can reduce symptoms and help reduce the size of nasal polyps.

The treatment given will be adjusted to the condition of the patient’s polyp. Treatment can be in the form of nasal spray tablets, tablets, or injections, or surgery.

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